School may be out for the summer, but school food is very much in session — and on the front burner for activists, celeb chefs, the First Lady, and members of Congress alike.
If you keep tabs on Michelle Obama, you probably know about Let’s Move!, her multi-faceted campaign against childhood obesity that launched in February.
Several interconnected initiatives have since spawned under the Let’s Move! umbrella, including
And if none of these developments is on your radar, maybe you caught an episode of “Jamie's Food Revolution,” a reality show starring British celebrity chef Jamie Oliver, who went on a healthy-eating crusade in Huntington, West Virginia, deemed the “unhealthiest city in America.” In just six weeks, Oliver made enemies and friends alike, but most significantly, he made headlines, bringing the issue of school lunch to prime-time television.
Meanwhile, on Capitol Hill, there’s a big batch of child-nutrition legislation percolating. What follows is an annotated glossary of sorts, to help you navigate the current politics and policy around kids and the state of their collective diet.
In 1946, President Harry S. Truman signed into law the National School Lunch Act, inspired in part by widespread malnutrition among WWII draft rejects. Although the federal government provided food assistance during the Great Depression under the WPA and other federal programs, this was the first permanent authorization earmarked for low-cost and free lunches to school-age children, “as a measure of national security, to safeguard the health and well-being of the Nation’s children.”
The first Child Nutrition Act was signed by Lyndon B. Johnson in 1966. Federal feeding programs became the purview of the Secretary of Agriculture. The School Breakfast Program was also established.
The Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004 (WIC stands for Women, Infants and Children), left over from the George W. Bush administration, is an omnibus piece of legislation that funds feeding and several other nutrition programs, including the aforementioned National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and the School Breakfast Program.
Every five years, the Act is up for congressional review, and if no action is taken, it expires, which is what happened on September 30, 2009. At that time, the 2004 law was extended for one year. The current expiration date: September 30, 2010.
In the months leading up to the reauthorization/review of the Child Nutrition Act in 2009, President Obama requested an additional $1 billion per year (putting the annual total just shy of $10 billion) for child-nutrition programs, upholding his presidential campaign pledge to end childhood hunger by 2015. The president reissued the request for child-nutrition funds in the 2011 budget.
In the Senate, Blanche Lincoln (D-Arkansas), chair of the Senate committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry, sponsored the Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (S. 3307).
Yay or nay: Unanimously passed out of committee. Waiting to be scheduled for full Senate action.
Meanwhile, on June 10 in the House, Representative George Miller (D-California), chair of the House Education and Labor committee, introduced the Improving Nutrition for America’s Children Act of 2010.
Yay or nay: Just introduced, the bill awaits scheduling for a committee vote. It has bipartisan support. Celebrity factor: TV cooking personality Rachael Ray held a press conference supporting Miller’s bill.
What Sen. Lincoln has to say about Rep. Miller’s bill: “Chairman Miller’s introduction of reauthorization legislation sends a clear message that both chambers of Congress are working to send a bill to the President’s desk before the end of the fiscal year.” (Complete statement.)
What Rep. Miller has to say about Sen. Lincoln’s bill: “Senator Lincoln’s focus on improving access and nutrition quality rightfully addresses many of the concerns I often hear from parents, stakeholders, and school leaders.” (Complete statement.)
As reported on the blog Obamafoodorama, if either version (or some variation thereof) is passed, it would be the first time since 1973 that Congress has increased the federal reimbursement rate for school meals.
While the House and Senate weigh in on the respective reauthorization bills, the separate appropriations process will be underway, during which Congress actually approves money for authorized programs. Key players to watch include Rep. Rosa DeLauro (D-Connecticut), chair of the appropriations subcommittee for agriculture, and Sen. Herb Kohl (D-Wisconsin), chair of the respective senate subcommittee. Together, they and their colleagues will write the actual checks for these programs.
As mentioned earlier, the Child Nutrition Act presently in effect is an extension of a 2004 law that expires on September 30. Letting the legislation expire once again would likely translate into no new changes, merely a repeat extension.
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans are also up for their five-year checkup. An advisory committee has just issued its recommendations, which help set standards for all federal food programs, including the NSLP.
The public is invited to comment and provide oral testimony, which will be submitted to the Department of Health and Human Services for a public hearing on July 8.
Among the recommendations are
You might want to take a look at a great map from USA Today that sheds light on the number of children who receive free lunches. Also, check out the transcript from my recent Table Talk chat on school lunches, with Eddie Gehman Kohan of Obamafoodorama.