A child’s place is in the kitchen

How cooking advances learning

September 15, 2010

It’s easier to cook when our children aren’t in the way. Bubbling pots and sharp knives, after all, are hardly child-friendly. But the kitchen shouldn’t be off-limits to kids.

Yes, dinner takes longer to make when Mason snips the cilantro to shreds and Sophie reads the recipe out loud. And you’ve got places to go — probably places to take your darling children, like T-ball practice or that great science program at the museum.

Cooking can be educational.

But how much, really, do our beloved children benefit from a steady schedule of, well, scheduled activities? We tend to forget that ordinary activites, such as cooking together, can be flexible, hands-on, purposeful experiences too.

As they snip, read, and converse with us, our kids are learning physical, mental, and social skills. Here’s how cooking can be educational for them.

Mirror neurons. Even a baby in an infant seat benefits from time in the kitchen. She pays attention to your actions. She’s delighted when you talk to her and show her what you’re doing. Due to mirror neurons in our brains, all of us mentally duplicate actions and emotions we see. This inborn way of learning means that we’re continually participating in what we observe. Your baby’s mirror neurons allow her to vicariously experience what you’re doing. As she sees you wash, peel, and cut carrots, she’ll form a mental template for that task, essentially allowing her to practice in advance.

If you change an element of that familiar activity — perhaps by using garden-fresh carrots with long waving fronds instead of milled carrots from a plastic bag — your little one will pay heightened attention. If your knife slips and you cut yourself, she’ll react to your surprise and pain, making her understanding of sharp implements more real than any warning might accomplish.

Meaning. Young children clamor to be included. When a preschooler begs to help prepare dinner, he doesn’t want to play with a toy cooking set; he wants to participate in the real work that’s taking place. It slows us down to let him cut fresh mushrooms with a butter knife (and restraint to avoid criticizing or re-cutting), but your child recognizes his contribution toward dinner. He’s also more likely to eat it.

Responsibility. Research has shown that children who participated in household tasks starting at age three or four were more likely to succeed in adulthood. I’m talking about educational completion, career success, and good relationships with family and friends. Even I.Q. scores had a weaker correlation with success than giving children early responsibilities. And waiting until children were older tended to backfire. We spend much time and money on enriching activities and products for our children, but if they don’t get the chance to take on real responsibilities, we’re depriving them of key components of adult competency.

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Higher-level learning. Kitchen-related tasks allow our children to learn more than how dry pinto beans are transformed into enticing refried beans. Kids begin to see scientific principles at work. They develop personal qualities such as patience. They are motivated to apply what they’re learning to more challenging endeavors. Sure, it doesn’t hurt to know what it takes to grow the tomatoes, make the sauce, and prepare the beans for tonight’s bean enchiladas. But more importantly, as our children become proficient in the kitchen, they also see themselves as capable learners. That perception transfers across all endeavors.

Sensory learning. Full sensory learning has staying power. Apart from nature, it’s hard to find a more sensory-rich environment than the kitchen. As your child’s little fingers crumble blue cheese into dressing, add raisins to a measuring cup, or tear mint leaves for chutney, the tactile and olfactory pleasure help encode specific memories. Perhaps the happiness your daughter feels making mint chutney with you today will be evoked each time she smells mint in the future. We humans must see, hear, smell, touch, and, yes, taste to form the complex associations that make up true comprehension.

Learning to cook means developing personal qualities such as patience.

Active learning. Childhood is a period of major neuroplasticity, when learning actually changes the brain’s functional anatomy. Hands-on experiences are particularly vital at this time. In fact, the child who spends plenty of time with manipulatives (arranging cookies on a platter, sifting flour, washing silverware) and using real-world math (measuring ingredients, counting celery stalks, following recipes) has a strong foundation of representational experience, which in turn enables better understanding of abstract mathematical concepts. These hands-on experiences also contribute to reading readiness. Another benefit of kitchen learning? Cooking and tasting the results a short time later provides wonderful lessons in cause and effect.

Simplicity. Children accustomed to blinking, beeping toys and rapidly changing screen images may become so wired to this overstimulation that without it, they’re bored. The slower pace of kitchen conversation and cooking tasks can be an important antidote, especially when we’re willing to go at a child’s pace. Young children tend to balk when they’re hurried. They show us, stubbornly and often loudly, that there’s nothing more important to them than the here and now. So whenever possible, simplify so you can make your time together in the kitchen enjoyable. Slowing down is better for digestion, concentration, and overall happiness. Letting a small child spread his own peanut butter, cut his own sandwich, and pour milk from a tiny pitcher into his cup is a way of affirming the value of the present moment. It also makes for an effortless tea party.

Skill building. There’s no denying that children who help out in the kitchen pick up useful skills. They learn that a cake takes lots of mixing, but muffins very little. They can set the table, toss a salad, make a sandwich, and boil pasta. Not right away, but eventually. They also learn from the examples we show them, such as how to handle pressure and ways to learn from mistakes. Whether we’re four years old or 40 years old, gaining competency feels good. It doesn’t hurt to give credit where it’s due. So if your child has been busy peeling potatoes and crumbling bacon, try renaming the entrée “Max’s special potato soup” for extra reinforcement.

Purpose. When we prepare a family meal, bake a cake to celebrate a friend’s good news, or change a favorite recipe to accommodate Grandpa’s diabetes, our efforts have noticeable value. As our children participate along with us, they feel that same satisfaction. So many educational tasks put before our children serve no purpose other than to instruct. But when learning is connected to something truly purposeful, it can’t help but spark enthusiasm. Children feel honored to be included in real work that includes real challenges. If we pay attention, we’ll see that’s just what they pretend to do when they play.

Getting started

Even toddlers can help. Let small children cut mushrooms, pears, bananas, and other soft items with a blunt knife. Encourage them to stir (as long as you or they hold the bowl). They’ll be happy to add ingredients, tear lettuces, and grate cheese. When putting together forgiving dishes like soups or casseroles, have them help you choose herbs and spices by smell before you toss in a pinch or two.

Encourage your small fry to wash unbreakable items in a sink of warm soapy water. Let them clean up crumbs on the floor with a small whisk broom or handheld vacuum. Put them in charge of setting out napkins on the table and calling family members to dinner.

Give them the job of stacking unbreakable containers in a low cabinet. Solicit their opinions on aroma, taste, and appearance as you cook together. And remember to thank them for their assistance.

As they get older, children can read recipes, plan meals, and do nearly every task required to make the dishes they enjoy. The time will come when they won’t want you in the room explaining how to fix a lumpy cream sauce or talking about how Nana always mixed pastry dough with her fingers. They’re on their way to making the kitchen a proving ground for their own culinary adventures. Hopefully you’ll be invited to taste-test while you relax for a change.

Parking the kids in front of the TV while we dash to get dinner ready may be efficient, but it’s not the way young people have matured throughout human history. Children need to watch, imitate, and gain useful skills. They’re drawn to see how their elders handle a crisis, fix a car, create a soufflé, build a bookshelf, heal what’s broken, and fall in love.

So welcome your little ones into the kitchen. And let the cooking begin.

Laura Grace Weldon lives on Bit of Earth Farm with her family and blogs about love and learning. She’s the author of the newly published Free Range Learning: How Homeschooling Changes Everything (Hohm Press, 2010).

There are 12 comments on this item
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1. by Leslie Boomer on Sep 15, 2010 at 10:20 AM PDT

Great advice from someone I know allowed her kids in the kitchen! It’s wonderful to see little ones standing on chairs at the counter stirring away...lovely!

2. by ruth_117 on Sep 17, 2010 at 12:59 PM PDT

I recently made pizzas with my neice (6) and nephew (4) who were visiting from Austria. I don’t speak german and they don’t speak english very well but while we were working together in the kitchen we were able to connect. They rolled the dough and placed the toppings on, whatever they wanted... and then they ate them up!

3. by kbray on Sep 22, 2010 at 4:53 PM PDT

I did this with my children forty and more years ago - just as my mother did with me, sixty five and more years ago. I have never had a bad meal at one of my adult children’s homes - even when their younger children cooked. This is a wonderful column and terrific advice.

4. by harv kay on Oct 12, 2010 at 11:38 PM PDT

Beautiful advice. And the points on neurons in the brains and how children work. Have a look at a similar blog on teaching kids while cooking on the how and what http://1teachingkids.blogspot.com

5. by anonymous on Oct 15, 2010 at 12:50 AM PDT

What a wonderful article, I wish I had read it 40 years ago. I think I will print this up and give copies to the young mothers I know.

6. by Susanne Broe-Vayda on Oct 20, 2010 at 7:32 PM PDT

How about cultivating math skills? When baking, ask your children how they would measure the flour or sugar if you lost the one cup measure? (I actually did lose ours!) If you need to measure 1 1/2 cups, you could fill the 3/4 cup two times, or the 1/2 cup three times, etc. Children who bake have fewer problems understanding the concept of equivalent fractions!

7. by anonymous on Oct 21, 2010 at 12:21 PM PDT

So much wisdom packed into one piece. I not only love the article, I love the feeling I’m left with after I read it. Hope.

8. by Hollysmess on Nov 30, 2010 at 8:49 AM PST

One of the oldest pictures I have of myself is when I was about 2, sitting on Grandma’s counter, wearing a tiger bib, and waving the wooden spoon that we used to mix the cookies. Grandma still had black hair in that picture.

9. by anonymous on Dec 22, 2010 at 6:32 PM PST

Just yesterday, my neice and I pulled out a home made pizza! She helped with the kneading, cheese grating and putting on toppings! She was amazed of how the dough double in size and that I came across this article-- I couldn’t agree more! :)

10. by anonymous on Aug 13, 2012 at 7:03 AM PDT

Fantastic article- thanks! Its helpful as an early childhood teacher as I am always encouraging families to get their little ones involved and learning responsibility early. Overcoming the need to be efficient and the overactive fears about safety often gets in the way of allowing the children to participate in real life versus planned and controlled activities.

11. by Vinia O. Marquez on Aug 29, 2012 at 3:57 PM PDT

Wonderful article - I can’t say much.

12. by FreshGreenKim on Dec 13, 2012 at 3:02 AM PST

This is a wonderful article! I shared it with my local Junior League page and it was highlighted by the national League! (I first found the link on your Pinterest board). (I know I always wonder the sources if a particular article gets a spike).

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